Loading and discharging

Loading and discharging are terms commonly used in the context of moving goods or materials from one place to another. 

The terms loading and discharging are commonly used in the shipping industry, where cargo is transported by sea. In this context, loading and discharging refer specifically to the process of loading and unloading cargo from a ship, usually using specialized equipment such as cranes and forklifts. 

The process of loading typically involves arranging the goods in a specific way so that they can be transported safely and efficiently. 

The process of discharging typically involves carefully removing the goods and arranging them in a way that allows for easy distribution or use. 

Different terms can be used to specify each partner commitment and responsibility.


Some common maritime abbreviations: 

  • ETA: Estimated Time of Arrival 
  • ETD: Estimated Time of Departure 
  • LOA: Length Overall 
  • LWL: Length Waterline 
  • BEAM: Maximum Width of a Vessel 
  • DWT: Deadweight Tonnage 
  • GT: Gross Tonnage 
  • NT: Net Tonnage 
  • IMO: International Maritime Organization 
  • SOLAS: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea 
  • AIS: Automatic Identification System 
  • GPS: Global Positioning System 
  • VHF: Very High Frequency 
  • SOF: Statement of Facts 
  • BL: Bill of Lading 
  • COA: Contract of Affreightment 
  • FIO: Free In and Out 
  • FIOS: Free In and Out Stowed 
  • FIOST: Free In and Out and Trimmed. 

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